Medicine Essay Samples for Your Inspiration

Papers already added: 2005

Magnetically tunable graphene-based terahertz metasurface

We postulate that when the magnetostatic field is applied perpendicularly to a patterned graphene metasurface, the resonance properties of which under the irradiation of THz waves would be apparently modulated due to the deflection of the direction of the carrier's oscillation in graphene. To achieve the evident resonance of the metamaterial, the Fermi [>]

Reflections on the 25th congress of the european society for pediatric urology part 1

This report reflects personal preferences of the authors and does not pretend to be comprehensive or to rank the quality of the presentations. The advantages of this approach compared to the repair done immediately after birth is that it avoids some of the potential complications of neonatal anesthesia, allow the parents time to [>]

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Colorectal cancer screening: tests, strategies, and perspectives

Overall sensitivity of FIT is higher than gFOBT both for CRC and for AA and the test has a comparable specificity. FIT is the test of choice in Spain, the Netherlands, and in most Italian programs.

Antibiotic growth promoters enhance animal production by targeting intestinal bile salt hydrolase and its producers

Taken together, these studies indicate that the AGP-mediated body weight gain in food animal is inversely related to the activity of BSH enzymes and the abundance of corresponding Lactobacilli producers. In light of these findings, BSH enzyme is a promising microbiome target for developing novel alternatives to AGPs for enhancing the productivity and [>]

Conceptualising and understanding artistic creativity in the dementias: interdisciplinary approaches to research and practise

Recognising creativity and the production of creative acts as collective as well as individual and also associated as much with process as product, we explore the opportunities and constraints that are experienced by people living with a dementia in a variety of contexts and the ways in which these may extend our understandings [>]

Editorial: towards the control of thermal expansion: from 1996 to today

Since the large isotropic NTE was discovered in zirconium tungstate over a wide temperature range in 1996, the interest in NTE has rapidly grown to become the most promising route to achieve the control of thermal expansion. The present Research Topic includes a collection of original research and review articles dedicated to the [>]

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Design, synthesis and pharmacological tests of leukotrienes a4 hydrolase inhibitors as potential targets of interest in cancer treatment – lab report example

Scheme 2: Preparation of 3, 5-diacetoxy-stirene While addressing the topic of trans-resveratrol, the research does not make any contribution to the area of cis-resveratrol synthesis and application. For the synthesis of the resveratrol analog, we need to prepare the corresponding nitro derivative from the respective aldehyde using the methodology developed by Dauzone as [>]

Subcellular clearance and accumulation of huntington disease protein: a mini-review

The expansion of the polyQ repeat in mHtt causes the misfolding of mHtt and formation of mHtt aggregates in neuronal nuclei and neuropils in HD patient brains. Thus, the accumulation of misfolded mHtt is a prerequisite to its neuronal toxicity, and the clearance of mHtt is key to the treatment of HD.

Insight into the endocrine system and the immune system: a review of the inflammatory role of prolactin in rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis

The balance of pro- and anti-inflammatory effects of PRL, as well as potential differences in the contributions of systemic and locally produced PRL, will need to be addressed in considering PRLR antagonists as a new strategy in the treatment of inflammatory arthritis. Taken together, the presence of the PRL protein in the SF [>]

Defining skin fibroblastic cell types beyond cd90

The loss of CD90 from lung fibroblasts is observed in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and results in a more severe fibrotic outcome. M, and Caplan, A.I.

The reasoning criminal vs. homer simpson: conceptual challenges for crime science

While the necessary conditions of crime are defined as the intersection in time and space of a motivated offender and a suitable target in the absence of a capable guardian, relatively little attention has been paid to the " offender" part of the equation. Susceptibility to temptation is thus taken as a given [>]

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Artificial intelligence and telehealth may provide early warning of epidemics

The current pandemic involving the COVID-19 virus appears to have overloaded medical systems worldwide, which are nearly at the breaking point due to insufficient resources in the face of the exponential growth of the virus. To help mitigate the social and economic impacts of the virus, the use of AI has many [>]

Editorial: glial plasticity in depression

In particular, several works refer to alterations in the morphology and numbers of astrocytes, microglia, and oligodendrocytes in the context of depression, in human patients, and animal models of depression. Jo et al.discuss the importance of the glial-mediated immune modulation through cytokine signaling that may trigger depressive episodes, and Branchi et al.highlight that [>]

Editorial: sirt family in endocrinology

Moreover, Xu et al.summarized how SIRT1 in the brain controls systemic metabolic homeostasis and then discussed the role of SIRT1 in regulating mitochondrial functions and promoting neuroprotection in the context of cerebral ischemia and neurodegenerative disorders. In addition, Yamamoto and Takahashi demonstrated the role of SIRT1 in the hypothalamic pituitary axis and its [>]

Binary theorizing does not account for action control

These and other theoretical developments indicate that the systematic replacement of the will/habit concept by the controlled/automatic concept has tempted at least more cognitively oriented theorists as cited above 2 to refocus the theoretical attention away from the possible causes of the impact of the relevant information on action control to the consequences [>]

Ethical climate(s), distributed leadership, and work outcomes: the mediating role of organizational identification

This evidence motivated the examination of OI as a mediator between ethical climate as well as DLA and measured outcomes: Hypothesis 1b: OI will mediate the effects of ethical climate and leadership style on work outcomes. While some scholars have focused on the transmission of organizational values from the leader to the employees [>]

Characteristics of public health summary measures

Characteristics of Public Health Summary Measures Introduction Individual's health is of importance and for one to be health; there is need for complete physical and mental check ups to monitor the diseases that may affect one. New York: New York Press.

Chapter 4

Various functional fibers such as gums and pectin cause development of gums in the stomach which slow down the transmission of food. Dietary fiber if taken in the right dosage can be a factor for prevention of intestinal and other disorders.

Anticancer compounds based on isatin-derivatives: strategies to ameliorate selectivity and efficiency

As a versatile molecule, isatin is the precursor of a huge number of derivatives, containing the oxindole moiety and presenting a wide range of biological and pharmacological properties. Particularly, hydrazine moieties were used as a linker to provide the construction of bis-isatin compounds with wide structural variety, and biological activities.


NSU is renowned for its exclusive use of highly credentialed professors who conduct lectures and researches and have worked with professional therapy societies in the USA. The US Department of Education acknowledges that NSU is the country's most culturally diverse university, which offers students more than just academic learning.

Book review: contribution Ă  un lexique commentĂ© en science de l’action motrice

The first edition is a testimony of the birth of a new point of view on motor actions. Through the definition of the concepts necessary for an in-depth reading of motor situations, Parlebas proposes a scientific language specific to the field of physical activities and sports and an innovative analysis of physical and [>]

Editorial: ovarian ageing: pathophysiology and recent development of maintaining ovarian reserve

The adverse effects of increased maternal age on reproductive outcomes are well-known, with maternal age being the strongest predictor of in vitro fertilization success, and a decline in female fecundity with age associated with a reduction in oocyte quality and an increased risk of miscarriage. Hence there is a clear potential conflict between [>]

A phenomic perspective on factors influencing breast cancer treatment: integrating aging and lifestyle in blood and tissue biomarker profiling

Sensitivity refers to the ability of the biomarker to correctly identify patients with a disease from the whole population, and specificity refers to the ability of the biomarker to correctly identify people without the disease. The increasing relevance of biomarkers in the management of cancer has led to the development of a number [>]

The relationship between family support and e-learning engagement in college students: the mediating role of e-learning normative consciousness and behaviors and self-efficacy

Therefore, it is essential to more fully investigate the relationship between family support and e-learning engagement and to identify the contributions of different factors, such as learning normative consciousness and behaviors and self-efficacy, to this association. The aim of this study was to determine the potential mechanisms underlying the relationship between family support [>]

On the temporary nature of disruption of fear-potentiated startle following pkmζ inhibition in the amygdale

Therefore, it would seem that the reported spontaneous recovery is due to forgetting in the controls groups, and a lack of statistical power in those experiments. Lastly, the authors used a task that that cannot differentiate between storage and retrieval impairment views of recovery from amnesia.

Psychosocial screening and assessment in oncology and palliative care settings

The implications and the impact of these disorders for the patients and the families are of paramount importance in oncology, with studies demonstrating the association of psychosocial morbidity with maladaptive coping, reduction of quality of life, impairment in social relationships, risk of suicide, longer rehabilitation time, poor adherence to treatment, and abnormal illness [>]

Editorial: targeting myeloid cells to fight cancer

The aim of this article collection is to provide a comprehensive overview of the different myeloid subsets in the TME, and to describe recent developments and approaches targeting myeloid cells to enhance anti-tumor immunity and the clinical efficacy of standard-of-care cancer drugs. The review by Jeong et al.summarizes the regulation of neutrophils that [>]

Psychiatric advance directives and artificial intelligence: a conceptual framework for theoretical and ethical principles

The Joint Crisis Plan involves the patient and the care team in a negotiation process with a third-party facilitator who may be a mental health worker, a family member, a trusted person, a custodian, or a lawyer, and the quality of the document could be assessed with a " quality of crisis plan" [>]

Review: occurrence and distribution of galanin in the physiological and inflammatory states in the mammalian gastrointestinal tract

Due to the large number of described physiological functions of GAL in the gastrointestinal tract, there is a growing interest in the role of GAL in the development of gastrointestinal diseases. Due to the incoming reports on the protective effect of GAL, the collection of the latest data indicating the involvement of the [>]

Children car seat injury in abudahbi (program plan)

In addition to this, The National reported that a study of car accidents in Al Ain reported that about 98 percent of passengers involved in a car accident did not wear seat belts and no one used a child safety restraint in the car. The law in Abu Dhabi.[Online] Available at: [Accessed 10 [>]

Bridging multiple levels of exploration: towards a neuroengineering-based approach to physiological and pathological problems in neuroscience

In neuroengineering the use of computational neuroscience is explicit and aimed at consolidating quantitative tools for the reverse engineering of molecular, synaptic and cellular bases of neural systems. A general example of the leading role of neuroengineering in novel approaches to neuroscience is that of the microelectromechanical systems, which exploits the technologies used [>]

Editorial: health disparities—an important public health policy concern

Editorial on the Research Topic Health Disparities An Important Public Health Policy Concern Health disparities are an important public health policy concern as they are related to the social inequalities in population health. Take the an example, there are large health status gaps between racial groups, and the health of the racial [>]

The human microbiome and the missing heritability problem

Nowadays, with the advent of Genome-Wide Association Studies, estimates of the heritability of a trait can be based on the collection of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms from populations of unrelated individuals. In order to make this paper self-contained, in the sections below we first briefly discuss some of the major limitations of current genetic [>]

Scientific frontiers in the management of coral reefs

The "-omics" provide tools and data that can be applied to identify specific cause-and-effect relationships between stressors and organismal responses, determine genotypic diversity within a population, levels of connectivity among reef populations, measure the effectiveness of mitigation and management efforts, and provide insight into the potential resilience of reef communities to both local [>]

Exploring the role of a cytokinin-activating enzyme lonely guy in unicellular microalga chlorella variabilis

In 2010, the Chlorella variabilis NC64A genome was decoded, and the presence of various classes of hormonal genes was discovered in this microalga, including those involved in cytokinin biosynthesis and signaling. Later, the cells were collected by centrifugation at 1, 500 g for 5 min and resuspended in 1 ml of MBBM medium.

Rethinking the role of sham tms

The problems associated with the clicking sound of the TMS coil and skin stimulation were already recognized in the early days of TMS, leading to a strong awareness of the need for control conditions in TMS research. As a consequence, a sham TMS pulse produces a clicking sound that is very similar to [>]

Chronic disease self-management program: insights from the eye of the storm

Insight: the design process accounted for many of the things that enabled the CDSMP to be a success. There were five potentially competing interests, the legal interests of the University, the need to keep the workshops affordable for adopting agencies, the need to sustain a training technical-assistance infrastructure, the financial interests of the [>]

Editorial: the molecular pathology of cognitive decline: focus on metals

The series of articles in this special edition reflect much of the current thinking in regards to the role of metals in aging and neurodegeneration, and highlight the deep involvement of metal ions in critical pathways that may contribute to onset/progression of neurological disease. Opazo et al.provide an overview of the role of [>]

Astragaloside iv improves high-fat diet–induced hepatic steatosis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease rats by regulating inflammatory factors level via tlr4/nf-κb signaling pathway

Studies had indicated that TLR4 signaling pathway was one of the key factors in the pathogenesis of different chronic liver diseases including NAFLD and was associated with the progression of NASH. After 12 weeks, three rats of the model group were randomly selected to confirm the successful modeling of NAFLD by liver histopathological [>]

Case report: neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease with oromandibular dystonia onset

As the course of the disease progressed, the patient gradually showed vague speech and a sense of fatigue. In summary, NIID is involved in a wide range of parts, and the heterogeneity of symptoms is obvious.

Is it a good idea to cultivate lucid dreaming?

This is even more important to highlight that there is a tendency in scientific and lay publications toward encouraging LD and not mentioning the possible side effects of LD training methods. In this opinion paper, we draw the attention to the possible adverse effect of LD on sleep and health.

Engineering a synthetic pathway for gentisate in pseudomonas chlororaphis p3

Besides, hydroxybenzoic acids play essential roles in microbial metabolism by serving as intermediates of the degradation of the aromatic compounds and contributing to the synthesis of various valuable secondary metabolites. In consistent with the synthetic process, at the early logarithmic growth phase, different concentrations of 3-HBA and GA were supplemented into the medium [>]

Enhancing flood hazard assessments in coastal louisiana through coupled hydrologic and surge processes

We aim to address the fundamental issues of compound flooding and the delineation of coastal flood zones by defining regions where both rainfall that produces antecedent runoff and rainfall within the TC-driven storm surge overlap via the development of a coupled hydrologic and hydrodynamic model to enable more comprehensive enhanced flood zone assessments. [>]

Peer-mediated theatrical engagement for improving reciprocal social interaction in autism spectrum disorder

Thus, the inclusion of typically developing peers in the training and active practice of social skills can significantly contribute to the acquisition, maintenance, and generalization of sociability. Acting is interactive, a dynamic process that can fundamentally enhance the attention to, practice of, and motivation to engage in reciprocal social interaction.

Pain across the menstrual cycle: considerations of hydration

Of these pain stimuli, the cold pressor task and muscle ischemia are thought to be the most clinically relevant, as the deep and aching pain produced by both of these stimuli may better replicate the pain experienced by patients with chronic pain. There is a roughly equal number of studies that observed variations [>]

Augmentation of cognitive function in epilepsy

Noninvasive brain stimulation protocols in the treatment of epilepsy: current state and perspectives. Memory enhancement and deep-brain stimulation of the entorhinal area.N.Engl.J.Med.

Alterations of epigenetics and micrornas in cancer and cancer stem cell

Aberrant DNA methylation and/or histone modification at the CpG island promoter may induce inactivation of tumor suppressor genes and play critical roles in the initiation and progression of human cancer. Disruption of the expression and function of microRNAs in lung cancer as a result of epigenetic changes.

Annotated bibliography: myths about seasonal influenza vaccine

The site provided critical, relevant, and updated information about the disease, the viruses, symptoms and severity, and how the flu spreads, among others. This site is a relevant source of authoritative information on the subject of influenza which I can use to debunk the given myths in my essay.

Sentinels in the visual system

A recent study by Schmid et al.published in Nature highlights the contribution of the lateral geniculate nucleus in V1-independent vision in monkeys. In fact, a recent study on a patient with V1 lesion and blindsight followed the same logic of the study by Schmid and colleagues, but selectively knocked-out the superior colliculus instead [>]

The myogenic and neurogenic components of the rhythmic segmentation motor patterns of the intestine

Alvarez was the first to find that the frequency of rhythmic segmenting contractions occurred at the frequency of a myogenic pacemaker and that in various regions of the intestine the frequency decreased in the same way as the pacemaker frequency decreased, suggesting a firm relationship between slow waves and segmentation. The segmentation motor [>]

Veterinarians and humane endings: when is it the right time to euthanize a companion animal?

Recognizing that there is a diversity of cultures and beliefs influencing the veterinarian and the owner, the veterinarian's core duty remains to navigate these in order to serve the best interests of the animal and owner. The following commentary looks specifically at the decision-making process in relation to the euthanasia of a companion [>]

Ovotesticular differences of sex development: surgery or not surgery? that is the question

The assignment of the sex of rearing for patients with precocious diagnosis of ovotesticular difference of sex development is a complex decision. The goal of DSD therapy is the welfare of patients inside their families and in the society.

The case for collaboration to foster global ocean literacy

The development of the definition of ocean literacy an understanding of the ocean's influence on you and your influence on the ocean and the Essential Principles and Fundamental Concepts, was a collaborative effort of formal and informal educators, scientists, government professionals, and others interested in defining what everyone should know about the ocean. [>]

Closed-loop neuroscience and neuroengineering

It respects the inherent " loopiness" of neural circuits, and the fact that the nervous system is embodied, and embedded in an environment. Wallach reviews the concept and implementation of a response clamp, in which closed-loop control of a selected neural response variable is used to uncover network properties in cultured networks.

Editorial: progress in translational neuroimaging: integrating pathways, systems, and phenomenology in neurology and psychiatry

Editorial on the Research Topic Progress in Translational Neuroimaging: Integrating Pathways, Systems, and Phenomenology in Neurology and Psychiatry Classification is taxonomic nomenclature system established for the purposes of statistical analysis of the phenomena and in order to facilitate and uniform the language of professionals in different countries. In this fashion various papers contribute [>]

R848 is involved in the antibacterial immune response of golden pompano ( trachinotus ovatus ) through tlr7/8-myd88-nf-Îşb-signaling pathway

Subsequently, the cells were incubated with R848 and the proliferation of the cells was determined as described above. Then, R848 was added to the cells, and the proliferation of the cells was detected as described above.

Vegetables are beter thn meat

One of the recent findings by researchers at Imperial College London, highlight the fact that vegetable protein are healthier and keep the blood pressure low as compared to the animal protein. As the process onsets a decade before the appearance of frank symptoms, in order to minimize the bone deterioration, it is essential [>]

Influence of dietary zinc, copper, and manganese on the intestinal health of broilers under eimeria challenge

Generally speaking, the chemical form in which minerals are presented in the diet, together with several other factors such as the total mineral concentration in the feed, particle size, feed processing, strain and age of the animal, and the potential of the mineral to interact with other dietary components have been proved to [>]

Covid-19 infection in cancer patients: how can oncologists deal with these patients?

Certainly, triage by telephone with the possible identification of symptomatic patients and at the entrance of hospital structures with the monitoring of body temperature and saturation could reduce the probability for health personnel and for the patients themselves to be exposed to the risk of contagion. It's a challenging and stressful time for [>]

Editorial: sirtuinome rewiring to hijack cancer cell behavior and hamper resistance to anticancer intervention

Unfortunately, despite the broad interest in this field, results currently available are still insufficient to draw definitive conclusions about the role of the sirtuinome in the regulation of key aspects of tumor cell biology, as well as of the interactions between cancer cells and the surrounding environment. The dual role of sirtuins in [>]

Comparison of alginate utilization pathways in culturable bacteria isolated from arctic and antarctic marine environments

All the genomes contain the genes encoding the 5 key enzymes involved in alginate utilization, except that the kdgF gene is absent from the genomes of 5 strains. Most of the aly genes are clustered in the alginate utilization gene clusters, which belong to PL6, 7, and 17.

Rhythm perception, production, and synchronization during the perinatal period

The only limit to the number of possible SMS combinations is the capacity to produce a rhythmic motoric pattern with some part of the body and the capacity to perceive an external rhythmic pattern via any of the perceptual systems the combinations are almost infinite. To maximize the chances of observing SMS in [>]

Heterogeneity of heterogeneities in neuronal networks

Mejias and Longtin reported that, in their simulations, the effects of heterogeneity in the distance-to-threshold of excitatory and inhibitory neurons summed linearly when combined. Correlated connectivity and the distribution of firing rates in the neocortex.J.

Pituitary remodeling throughout life: are resident stem cells involved?

The topography of SOX2 + cells at birth shows multicellular layers in the MZ, particularly prominent in the merging region of the anterior and intermediate lobe where " streams" of SOX2 + stem cells appear to move into the developing AP. Genetic deletion of Notch2, one of the NOTCH receptors expressed in the [>]

Overweight and obesity among adults in the us

Overweight and Obesity Among Adults in the US The statistics mentioned in this essay represents the rate of obesity in United States according to statistics of 2010 among adults who are 20 and older. It can be seen that rate of obesity is relatively higher in ethnic groups as compared to Whites [>]

What is the role of the nurse in nurse-led clinics

The nurses in the nurse-led clinics coordinate patient care with physicians, ensuring that they would receive adequate and timely care appropriate to their condition and their related physical attributes. These nurses also go through critical self-reflection while they are managing their patient's condition in order to prevent the devaluation of the other support [>]

Population genomic analysis of listeria monocytogenes from food reveals substrate-specific genome variation

Additionally, infants, the elderly, and immunocompromised individuals are at an increased risk of severe cases of listeriosis, which can result in symptoms such as meningitis and septicemia.L.monocytogenes infections can also threaten pregnant women because the pathogen possesses the unique ability to permeate the placental wall and infect the fetus which can lead to [>]

Response to “the survival lottery”

The proposal of the survival lottery mainly centres on the claim that there is no difference between killing and letting die, and that leaving Y and Z to die without any interventions would be the same as murdering them. This loss of security or terror in society is a form of pain that [>]

Commentary on genetic mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria from u.s. food animals: esbls are here

In fact, Wittum et al, in 2010 first reported the collection of Escherichia coli expressing CTX-M-type ESBLs in fecal isolates from healthy cattle at a livestock market and from a diagnostic isolate submitted to the Ohio Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory. Since then, CTX-M-type ESBLs have been found in E.coli collected from healthy dairy [>]

Vection and visually induced motion sickness: how are they related?

These and other results indicate that the occurrence of VIMS is tightly linked to the occurrence of vection, in the sense that VIMS does not seem to occur in participants who do not perceive vection. If vection is causally related to VIMS and a determinant of the occurrence and/or strength of VIMS, one [>]


Poor Hand Washing Practice by Health Care Providers Health care providers play an important role in championing health related requirements. Some of the objectives of Poor Hand Washing by Health Care Providers practicum include: Provision of appropriate hand washing resources such as soap and washing areas - some of the health facilities lacks [>]

Editorial: novel tools for the study of structural and functional networks in the brain

Editorial on the Research Topic Novel Tools for the Study of Structural and Functional Networks in the Brain Throughout the history of neuroscience, technological advances are the drivers behind many major advances in our understanding of the nervous system. Investigations of the structure and function of the brain take place on multiple scales, [>]

Legal and regulatory issues governing cannabis and cannabis-derived products in the united states

In the United States in the years following the Act, and as the physician's armamentarium expanded with new medication options, interest in the therapeutic effects of cannabis and cannabinoids waned until cannabis use increased in the 1960s, coincident, and indeed entwined, with antiwar and other social protest movements. Its purposes were twofold: it [>]

Affordable health care

How Does Our Society Prevent Another Rosalyn Schwartz Apparently, the case of Rosalyn Schwartz, reviewed in Gregory Pences " Medicine and Inequity: Accounts of the Cases that Shape and Define Medical Practice" is one of the most striking instances of inequity in the health care. The case of that victim of American health [>]

Book review: deep inequality: understanding the new normal and how to challenge it

The explicit goal of the book, largely met by the authors, is to clarify the development of the new normal ideology as a way of justifying the status quo of economic relations. The most significant accomplishment of the book is to clarify the origin and development of the new normal, and to point [>]

Elucidating the consequences of heparan sulfate binding by heparanase 2

To examine the signaling associated with cell adhesion to heparanase/Hpa2, cells were plated in the absence or presence of heparin or the indicated anti-Hpa2 monoclonal antibody. U87 and HUVEC cells were plated on dishes coated with the indicated protein for 1 h.

The attention schema theory: a foundation for engineering artificial consciousness

The body schema is an internal model, a rich and integrated set of information that reflects the state of the body, how it moves, and its relationship to the world. One of the most important and overlooked aspects of the body schema is that it is not just a representation of the body [>]

Experimenting with the past to improve environmental monitoring

All of these efforts will lead to increases in the number of species monitored as well as the quantity and quality of the data collected, to previously unimaginable levels. With non-random sampling, we learn about the elements of a good monitoring program by examining which subsamples of the data are most influential and [>]

Sleep is an auto-regulatory global phenomenon

Though these findings questioned the passive sleep theory, the discovery of REM sleep in the 1950s by Kleitman and colleagues and " paradoxical sleep" by Jouvet et al.marked the beginning of the era of the active sleep genesis concept. The years that followed saw the dominance of active sleep genesis theory and it [>]

Physiology and molecular biology of aquatic cyanobacteria

Regarding the role of cyanobacteria in the ocean, the importance of the unicellular picocyanobacteria is paramount. Effect of nitrogen on cellular production and release of the neurotoxin anatoxin-a in a nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium.

Academic tutors/advisors and students working in partnership: negotiating and co-creating in “the third space”

We consider the conversations, relationships, and the shifting identities that take place in " Third Space" advising and consider the implications of this on staff student partnership and the development of the student voice. We advocate here that the NACADA CoA and the principles of UDL are critical to fostering introspection and thus [>]

Editorial: current progress and challenges in the development of a b cell based hepatitis c virus vaccine

While Tong et al.from the Institut Pasteur of Shanghai describe the function of E1 and aspects of its structure and function that are important for HCV vaccine design, Yost et al.from the University of New Jersey and from the NIH present the complexities of the flexible E2 and E1E2 heterodimer glycoproteins and how [>]