- Published: October 26, 2022
- Updated: October 26, 2022
- University / College: Duke University
- Level: Masters Degree
- Language: English
- Downloads: 29
Logic and Science A Scientific hypothesis represents arguments which can be experimented and tested o either be true or not and if an argument cannot be tested or observational tests conducted on it is not scientific. This means that a scientific hypothesis is supposed to create some forecasts.
Example of a scientific hypothesis: “ When two objects are dropped from the same height, they will hit the ground simultaneously provided that air resistance is constant”
By confirming the hypothesis one quickly comes to a conclusion by just dropping two items and if they both hit the ground at the same time then the hypothesis holds true.
Karl Poppers strategy of disconfirmation can be used to test the above hypothesis using modus tolens, whereby it is assumed that this theory cannot be proved to be true, but it can be shown that the predictions it makes are false (Kenyon, 2009). Therefore, this implies that rather than trying to prove that the theory is true one will first try to falsify it so that if the projections are found to be true there is a strong ground to hold the theory true. Therefore, if it is tested in all ways for the objects not to hit ground at the same time and they do, the hypothesis is a strong one. The strategy of disconfirmation will therefore be applied to test whether the theory is true by critical testing, which tries to falsify the hypothesis whereby if the predictions are not true the theory automatically becomes false.
Karl Poppers strategy of disconfirmation strategy is the best as it offers a way of strengthening the hypothesis because various ways are used to show that the hypothesis is false but they all fail because it holds true predictions, which can be tested and falsifying it does not change the predictions.
Kenyon, R. E. (2009). Poppers Philosophy of Science. Department of Philosophy, University of
Retrieved on January 18, 2012 from:
http://www. xenodochy. org/article/popper. html
Chapter 5. Applications of Logic.
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