- Published: November 13, 2022
- Updated: November 13, 2022
- University / College: University of the West of England
- Language: English
- Downloads: 47
For hundreds Of years the health and general wellbeing Of people and their families have suffered due to the difficulties that social policy and welfare provision has been continuously faced With as a result Of the persistence Of poverty. This essay will explain and discuss the ideologies Of the major political parties, hoc. ;. ‘ they have influenced the development Of welfare and the effects they have had on social policies and social care provisions. It will explain how these ideologies were formed ND how they are relevant In present day starting with the Elizabethan Poor Law right through to the ; Middle way of the late twentieth century. The Elizabethan Poor Law 1598 continued through until amended in 1834. It was the earliest form of welfare state and was based on local church parishes.
This provision mainly focused on the poor and due to the tact there was no government at this time, the parish had full control. People tot each parish would pay their local tax Welch they called the ‘ Poor Rate, this money was then paid out to people born within that parish in two ways. The first was called Outdoor Relief and was paid to people who remained in their own homes. As a priority. It would cower the abele bodied poor and needy who were given the poor rate payments in exchange for work carried out on behalf of the parish. This money was also given to widows who received small pensions and had smaller bills paid. This form of benefit was based on need so it was means tested.
This is much like the community care payments, top; ups and grants that we receive today. The second provision was called ; Indoor Relief, this funded people who could tot work such as the sick or elderly who were moved into institutions such as alms- houses. This benefit was much like today’s incapacity benefit or what is now known as Employment Support Allowance, The ideologies of the time were that the poor and needy should be looked after within the parish as a part of people’s Christian duty to by help their neighbors and accepting taxation for the alms-houses was a provision. The parishes were very accepting Of the fact that some people were unable to kick after themselves and that they require help for basic living needs.
Due to each parish vying welfare to anyone Who lived Within it, people Often moved from parish to parish collecting the poor rates, this was seen as undesirable as it broke the law of settlement. The law of settlement protected parishes from outsiders as it forbid anyone from mining between parishes collecting rates. If anyone was caught doing this, they would be liable for serious punishment and returned to their own parishes. These people, along with the unemployed were referred to as vagrants. These behaviors lead to the fear of vagrants culture.
Although most attitudes dastards elf provisions were positive, Thomas Malthusian a contemporary writer tot the early 18th century had a great Influence on upper class society. His controversial beliefs became publicized due to his literature on The Principles of Population’ this not only influenced people of PC. Queer but also Influenced Charles.
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