- Published: October 15, 2022
- Updated: October 15, 2022
- University / College: McGill University
- Level: Ph.D
- Language: English
- Downloads: 2
Groups in the Society Importance of Groups in Our Society A group, which comprises of more than two people with the recognition of a distinct social unit, plays a crucial role in society. Groups in the society help in meeting the needs of belonging, which comprises a basic psychological need of survival. The feeling of being wanted and needed motivates an individual and helps them move ahead and be mentally healthy. This can be found in the Maslow’s psychological ladder of needs. Though groups do not also comprise of friends, they provide fertile grounds for the formation of friendships. The time spent within the group contributes to the building of friendships and relationships. Groups within the society offer channels of communication; vital for the sustainability of the society. Most importantly, groups offer support when required. Groups in the society can unify and identify a problem and try out solutions for the problems (Akert, & Wilson, 2006).
How Groups Influence Individual Performance
The performance of the group immensely influences the performance of the individuals within the group. Therefore, the group leader should lead the group to attaining good results in the group’s undertaking. A group comprises of people with different levels of motivation and work ethics. Therefore, in case the group members cannot work cohesively, then the group risks poor results. However, if the group has teamwork, then even the lazy members will be compelled to put effort into the task resulting to applaud able results. Groups have a characteristic of supporting the members that make up the group. During a task, in case one or some of the members lag behind, then the able members come forward and assist them where they have difficulties. This at the long last results in the uplifting of performance of the group members. If none of the group members has a solution to their poor performance, then the group’s results continue to decline (Aamodt, 2009).
Five Social Psychology Theories
The motivational theory can be applied, in social groups, to motivate the group members. This theory can be applied by giving the group members the freedom to make choices they deem best for the group. The sensory theory uses the five human faculties of sight, sound, olfactory, touch and taste. This also can be applied to a group context to improve their participation in group activities. The five senses can be applied to give the group a feeling of ownership to the group. The group can use music, models, and voiceovers. Colors can also be employed but with different contrasts (Higgins, & Kruglanski, 2011). The perception theory depends on the individuals perceptions. This theory also depends on the cognitive abilities of people. The cognitive theory is applied on the attainment of social behaviors. This theory supports learning through observation. Group members can, therefore, apply this theory to learn and acquire new knowledge through observation. Social psychology theory can be applied through its knowledge of emotions, attitudes and values. These comprise essential factors in any group and are vital to the cohesiveness of the group (Chadee, 2011).
Apply Concepts Presented On Job Performance and Employee Selection
Going beyond personal feelings makes employee selection an effective process. The best predictor of an individual’s future is his/her past. What this people did in the past puts them is a position for predicting their future actions. This is the concept of behavior predict, which is crucial to employee selection. The information of the employee’s past provides grounds for evaluating future job performance even though people grow and change (Martinovic, & Verkuyten, 2006).
Aamodt, M. (2009). Industrial Organization Psychology. Wadsworth Publishing; 6th Edition.
Akert, R. & Wilson, T. (2006). Social Psychology. Prentice Hall. 6th Edition. Page 23-28.
Chadee, D. (2011). Theories in Social Psychology. John Wiley and Sons. Page 34-35.
Higgins, T. & Kruglanski, A. (2011). Handbook of Theories of Social Psychology. Sage
Publishers 2nd Volume. Page 67-69.
Martinovic, B. & Verkuyten, M. (2006). Understanding Multicultural Attitudes: The Role of
Group Status, Identification, Friendships and Justifying Ideologies. International Journal of Intercultural Relations. Page 1-18.
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