- Published: November 25, 2021
- Updated: June 28, 2022
- Language: English
- Downloads: 32
The human rights violation committed by corporations overseas have a great impact on the reputation and public image of the United States. When the corporations violate human rights overseas, the name of the United States will tarnish. Human rights violation is a matter of international concern because it has an influence on the lives of people all over the world. The aspects of human rights violations by the private corporations will show the failure of corporate responsibility of the companies based in the United States. The human rights violations by the private corporations overseas also has an impact of the relationship between the United States and the overseas countries concerned or affected by such aspects of human rights violation(Barry 26). This will also influence the terms and conditions between the United States and the countries affected by the issues of human rights violation by the private companies based in the United States.
The international corporate social responsibility is an important aspect of consideration that the private corporations should provide in order to maintain good ties and relationship with the members of the communities or regions in which they operate or conduct their daily business activities and operations. The negative impact of the private corporations on the people or society in which they operate is a matter that should be accounted for by such corporations by compensating the community or victims of such activities. The agents and employees of the private corporations find themselves committing human rights violations in their daily activities and operations of the business. The private corporations may violate human rights and fail to compensate such individuals or the community for the damages suffered. The location of the corporations is also an important matter of consideration in order to hold the companies responsible and accountable on their countries of registration. The examples of human rights violation are the use of child labor or forced labor in the overseas countries or the sale of substandard products.
In relation to the current events, some corporations based in the United States committed the acts of human rights violation and infringement in various ways. The current legal system in the United States have provisions governing the operations of the multinationals in various companies in various parts of the world. The companies have influence on the operations of the company in relation to the injustices done on the people in the society. The legal provisions in the current legal system holds the corporations responsible for various atrocities done to the public.
The current issues concerning the injustices of the oil company to the people of Nigeria is controversial. This case of negative consequences of the Petroleum Company on the people of Nigeria raised many concerns on whether the company should be held responsible and accountable for the damages to the community or society of the people in Nigeria. This event has a direct relationship on the levels of liability of the company concerned in this violation of human rights. The issues concerning Royal Dutch Petroleum Company raised many question on whether the multinational companies should be held responsible for the violation of human rights in Nigeria. The injustices done to Kiobel by the company raised many controversies concerning the protection of human rights against violation by the multinationals. This case of Shell Company against Kiobel in Nigeria is a matter of concern in order to determine the appropriate ways in which the Multinationals are hold responsible and accountable for the violation of human rights in future. In this case, the supreme court of the United States sided with the petroleum company on how the responsibility of the multinationals in compensating the victims for the violation of human rights. This shows that there are loopholes in the legal system concerning the responsibility of the multinationals in compensating the victims of the violation of human rights by such multinational corporations.
This case involve various abuses perpetrated by the security forces of the petroleum company against the citizen of Nigeria. The corporation was aware of the injustices done by its security forces. This makes the company responsible for the offences and violation of human rights done by its employees to the people of Nigeria.
Legal/WTO/UN/ international (specific laws):
The international humanitarian laws protects the people by holding the companies responsible for the security of the employees in their place of work. The law also states that the people working for the multinational companies are free from discrimination at the place of work. The employees are entitled to fair remunerations at the place of work. The legal proceedings of the international humanitarian law protects the employees from the health hazards by ensuring healthy and safe work conditions in the multinational companies. The humanitarian law also ensures that the employees have the rights and freedom of association in relation to collective bargaining concerning their wage or remunerations increases. This law ensures that the employees are entitled to collective bargaining and labor unions.
The international legal regulations and laws are instituted in order to ensure that the violation of human rights can be dealt with appropriately. The legal procedures states clearly the responsibility of the multinationals whether direct or indirect in order to determine the extent of the companies in taking care of the violations by such corporations (Leonard 19). The knowledge of the corporation regarding the violations of the human rights by its employees or agents makes the company or corporation responsible and accountable for compensation of the individuals in such a case of human rights violation. The companies that assist the employees or their agents to conduct the acts relating to the violation of human rights are also held responsible for compensation of the victims of such hazards or violations. This law helps in discouraging the multinationals from violating the human rights in various parts of the world.
In conclusion the multinational companies should be held responsible for the violation of human rights at the overseas. The courts should ensure that the private corporations which commit the violation of human rights are brought to justice. The people or communities that suffer from the violation of human rights should be compensated by such companies. The legal procedures and regulations should also be instituted by the humanitarian organizations in order to ensure that the aspects relating to the violation of human rights are dealt with appropriately and fairly. The responsibility of the multinational companies should also be clearly stated in order to order to ensure that the rights of the employees and the environment in which they operate are protected fully. The security and freedom of the workers of the multinational companies should also be facilitated in order to protect them from unfair practices of such companies. The courts have an important role to play in ensuring that the violators of human rights face justice in the most fair and appropriate manner.
Barry, John. Advances in Ecopolitics. Bingley, U. K: Emerald, 2008. Print.
Leonard, Liam, and John Barry. Global Ecological Politics. Bingley, U. K: Emerald, 2010. Print.