Perfect 17 Pages Essay Examples

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The degradation of women

Based on the past experience women have been neglected when it comes to education opportunities and that has made men to stereotype women as toys and objects to be used by men to satisfy the needs of male ego resulting in the degradation of the value of women in the society for generations. [>]

Causes for development of aggression in children

The key factors which play an essential role in the development of aggression in children are the observation of others behaviour as demonstrated by Albert Bandura as well as, the frustration aggression hypothesis which has been found to be a considerable factor in the development of aggression. From this it is clearly evident [>]

The effects of cultural intelligence on expatriate and leadership

According to Li and Kleiner, this is most likely because of the huge cultural differences that exist between China and most of the Western countries, the ones that invested the most in China, and a lack of cultural intelligence among expatriates to overcome the barriers of cultural differences. This has made the understanding [>]

Gcse business studies

The reason I picked Sainsbury's as the business I want to investigate is because it's one of the fastest growing retailers and has many stores within the Uk. If the business is in trouble they have the rights to their dividends ahead of the Ordinary shares.

Impact of cardiopulmonary resuscitation education use of difibrillator nursing essay

Resulting of the increasing of the mortality rate CPR and AED training are important for nursing staff and is important as the nurses often are the first witness for the victim with cardiac arrest in hospital setting. The education and refreshment of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillation training can enhance skill and [>]

Critical review of langston hughes

This discussion seeks to broaden the perception of Hughes by comparing " Mother to Son" to the vast range of writing styles that four of Hughes's short stories use to make different commentaries with different tones, and this is intended to put the " vogue" poem in a context that makes it relative [>]

Background of the industry economics essay

The obvious view is the amelioration in economic wealth, has considered the improvements in standards of living for the ensemble of people living and working in these countries. For the development of country and decreasing the unemployment rate, leisure and hospitality has create an opportunity for the tourist to search a new investment [>]

Globalisation and formula one

In this essay, Formula One, for many the most important form of motorsport, is compared to established sports such as football and the Olympic Games, in terms of structure, their respective governing bodies, and their characteristics. For this purpose, I have opted to compare the structure of FIFA and the FIA, as well [>]


Idealization of the hypocrite is seen as a defense against a dread of uncertainty on the part of the person who succumbs to hypocrisy. Brown is representative of the past, exemplifying the group dynamics of the religious society of the Puritans.

Novating design team to a contractor

Novation is a process that allows Clients to oversee the early stages of design development of a project and then transfer the responsibility for the design to a Contractor after the contract has been awarded. In many cases the designs which make up part of the contract between the Client and Contractor, under [>]

A journey in capacity building: revisiting the mullins framework for meaningfully engaging patients in patient centered outcomes research

The purpose of this paper is to describe the implementation of these themes as a framework in the context of building an initial engagement group and to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of our application of this model. We worked consistently throughout the project to maintain the relationship of trust that we established [>]

Emotional availability: theory, research, and intervention

Assessing the perspective of both the adult and the child is beneficial, both to reflect that adult child relationships are bidirectional, as well as to capture any possible differences between the adult and child. Child responsiveness to the adult and child involvement of the adult encompass the child's degree of EA with the [>]

Social science sequestered

Mapping 5 of the social science across the UK GGR programme shows that whilst the methods and the conceptual lenses applied vary, and there is some room for interpretative and critical social science, the problems to address are predominantly seen through a narrow, instrumental frame: as drivers and barriers. Yet there is also [>]

Fast dissolving drug delivery systems: a brief overview

Thin film drug delivery is a process of delivering drugs to the systemic circulation via a thin film that dissolves when in contact with liquid, often referred to as a dissolving film or strip. The sublingual and buccal delivery of a drug via thin film has the potential to improve the onset of [>]

Market and economic analysis of cadburys

The company has set five goals to achieve this, one of which relates to Corporate Social Responsibility " To be admired as a great company to work for and one that is socially responsible to its communities and consumers across the globe" Cadbury plc is a leading global confectionery company with an outstanding [>]

Concept of relationship marketing marketing essay

According to Kotlet et al relationship marketing is the process of creating, maintaining and enhancing strong, value-laden relationships with customers and other stakeholders IKEA is also active in establishing and maintaining a beneficial relationship with the communities by adopting ' corporate citizen' values and approaches. Using face-to face interaction with key community groups [>]

Condition of india before arrival of british history essay

In 1765, The East India Company received the right of " Diwani" in Bengal, they were able to control the trade, and they prevent textile owner to sell their goods to Dutch and French. The British also moved to rearrange the proportions of native to European soldiers present in India.

Federalism and the perspectives of democracy politics essay

In countries in which different nations live with their various features the development of democracy, politics and economy reflex in their political life, so that respecting nations and ethnics' rights is included in the constitutional law. With respect to relative and classic democracy in which the will of majority is dominant, however, sovereignty [>]

Shakespeare’s supernatural assignment

The purpose of this paper will be to explore the forms and the roles of the supernatural in Hamlet and Macbeth. The plot of The Spanish Tragedy is the reverse of the Hamlet plot, a father revenging the murder of his son, and the ghost in the story is not the ghost of [>]

Study into english courseware for slow learners

As there is not much of courseware developed for slow learners, the product of the project will significantly bring the learning process for the slow learners into new level and brighten the hope for them to learn like normal kids. The result of the study then will be analyzed to develop and enhancing [>]

Heavy mechanical complex (private) limited analysis

In the energy sector HMC has supplied over 30, 000 tons of fabricated equipment and parts to different power plants. Overhead traveling cranes being part of regular production programmer of HMC are designed and manufactured according to individual requirements of the client.

The extraction and purification of paracetamol essay

Analysing the Quantity and Purity of Paracetamol Present in Different Formulations of the Commercial Medicine The aim of this investigation was to determine the percentage by mass of pure paracetamol in formulations of branded paracetamol in 500mg tablets. In addition to this, the purity of the paracetamol was investigated by determination of melting [>]

Public sector borrowing requirements construction essay

This study has been carried with the objectives of assessing and evaluating the general perception of the concept of PPP among top administrators in the public service in Mauritius, by identifying the perceived risks of embarking on such type of projects and identifying the perceived benefits and cost of embarking on PPP projects. [>]

The relevance of coaching and mentoring

Yet despite their current status, many of us are unclear what coaching and mentoring really involves, and where and when they work.[6] This assignment is about the understanding of the basic concepts of coaching and mentoring, the basic definitions of these two terms, what is the difference among the concepts and processes of [>]

Factors which affect peoples travel patterns tourism essay

It can also be deducted that the primary determinants of car ownership in a home include the size of the household, income, and the number of workers per household. Another indicator of the surrounding environment tothe base location is related to the mixing of land use as this is assumed to affect the [>]

Gender and graduate record exam scores

The proposal's analysis will allow the dean to see the relationships between GPA and GRE scores, the relationship between gender, GPA, and GRE scores, and the relationship involving gender, GRE scores, and frequency of completion. Once the data is collected, it will be imperative to use the proper statistical tools and techniques to [>]

School council importance of student voice

Firstly the students must be consulted about the School-wide issues Like revising school mission statements, system of rewards and sanctions, revising school rules, what qualities are needed in a new teacher, and how to get the school council to work well the contribution of pupils as researchers. A school council is a group [>]

The role of pharmacists

With the introduction of the NHS, visits to the doctors became much cheaper, and the responsibility for clinical assessment of patients shifted wholly to the GPs. The fallout of the above mandate for accreditation and specific skill set required by pharmacists intending to offer advanced service was the need to indentify the authority [>]

Sources of finance assignment

Secondly, I assess the implications of the different sources of finance to Vale Filters related to risk, legal, financial and dilution of control and bankruptcy. Ordinary share is a kind of share in a company which gives the owner the right to a dividend that is the money paid to the shareholders according [>]

The real time fashion photography studio marketing essay

The staff of Real-Time Fashion Photography will travel to the location prior to the portfolio session to select an area that will be the best suited for the session and will most acceptable to the model. If the location selected for the photo session will be in a public park, the model, not [>]

Impact of ict on country development

In the next chapter the proposed establishment of a national regulatory authority is discussed showing: types of regulatory bodies, the role of regulatory authority which will include among others; monitoring use of frequency spectrum, approval of communication equipment, Management frequency spectrum, protection of consumers, licensing and pricing of telecommunications operators, managing Internet protocol [>]

Magnetically tunable graphene-based terahertz metasurface

We postulate that when the magnetostatic field is applied perpendicularly to a patterned graphene metasurface, the resonance properties of which under the irradiation of THz waves would be apparently modulated due to the deflection of the direction of the carrier's oscillation in graphene. To achieve the evident resonance of the metamaterial, the Fermi [>]

Types and roles of non governmental organizations commerce essay

Not only did they succeed in introducing a provision for strengthening and formalizing the relations with private organizations previously maintained by the League, they also greatly enhanced the UN's role in economic and social issues and upgraded the status of the Economic and Social Council to a " principal organ" of the UN. [>]

Period of oscillation of a simple pendulum

This formula allows the period of a pendulum to be calculated: P = 2?* P is the period of oscillation of the pendulum.* L is the length of the pendulum.* G is the acceleration of gravity.*? has the value of 3. The shorter the pendulum is, the faster it will oscillate and visa [>]

Advantages and disadvantages of prefabrication as construction method construction essay

This is not a scientific quantitative study of the actually energy efficiencies of the construction method, but more of an in-depth qualitative study of the features of prefabrication. Although the Climate Change Act 2008 is not specifically aimed at the construction industry, the Chief Executive of the Committee on Climate Change, David Kennedy [>]

Case study on honda essay

The purpose of this paper is to study the diffusion of hybrid cars among consumers, and in particular to estimate the effects of learning on consumers' decisions to adopt hybrid cars. We test if the difference between states in the rate of exposure to the Pries and the Insight subsequently affect consumer purchases [>]

Management and labor unions flashcard

The UAW would have to decide to give and not take a little in order to keep the company afloat. Because of the new agreement between the UAW and Ford, the new compromise allowed Ford to hire from within the company.

Rethinking the role of sham tms

The problems associated with the clicking sound of the TMS coil and skin stimulation were already recognized in the early days of TMS, leading to a strong awareness of the need for control conditions in TMS research. As a consequence, a sham TMS pulse produces a clicking sound that is very similar to [>]

Sales planning and operations business

First explained about the personal merchandising to back up the personal mix and analysis the function of the gross revenues squad within the selling scheme. The company wants to streamline the gross revenues channel and spread out the concern operations to accomplish the organisation ' s corporate aim.

Concepts of time and eternity

Searching for time in the past, present, and future Augustine finds that it is a fruitless act. The answer to the nature of time is to be found in Eternity.

Drama in the national curriculum education essay

Neelands noticed that the various sources of national guidance for Drama, for example the specific references to Drama in the Programs of Study for English showed a general agreement for the aims and objectives for Drama, such as: Drama as personal, social and moral education Drama as English Drama as a subject in [>]

Transfer of training and self efficacy management essay

Baldwin and Ford define transfer of training as the degree to which trainees effectively apply the knowledge, skills, and attitudes gained in the training context to the job. Referring to the effectiveness of transfer of training, the researchers have investigated in depth on the factors which would contribute towards the effectiveness of transfer [>]

International marketing in foreign market flashcard

In the STEP discussion, the Domino's Pizza will be target on the Married Family segment as it is the best segment which the Domino's Pizza can actually maximize their profit earn from it. 1 Application to Domino's pizza The most appropriate market entry strategy for Domino's pizza to enter the Manner's market is [>]

A study on the effect of internet use and social capital on the academic performance assignment

107~123 A STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF INTERNET USE AND SOCIAL CAPITAL ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE* BAE YOUNG Soongsil University This study examined the condition of Internet use and social capital, as well as its effects on teenager's academic performance. The former assumes that the use of media and technology is more likely [>]

Characteristics of formal and informal learning management essay

To achieve the goal of the paper we have put forward and solved the following problems: To identify the training status of Iranian SMEs To reveal the factors applied by SMEs to motivate their employees To measure SMEs performance from financial, customer, and internal perspectives To explore the impact of the factors, applied [>]

The significance of mergers and acquisition in india

Section 2 of Income Tax Act defines: Amalgamation in relation to companies means the merger of two or more companies to form one company in such a manner that: All the properties of the amalgamating company or companies just before the amalgamated company by virtue of amalgamation become the properties of amalgamation. All [>]

Globacom nigerias internationalization process management essay

It is also a known fact that the concept of internationalization in telecommunication is still virtually, a new area as regards to theories construction and testing, and this is in spite of the fact that infrastructural development in the telecommunication sector is being accorded rising importance in the economies of the emerging markets. [>]

Red fox: characteristics, environment and habits

Today the red fox exists in Rural, urban and suburban environments in this country and there is a large variety of food available to them. The red fox has proved to be a very successful forager as they can seek out food in an array of different environments.

Landfill leachate and domestic wastewater treatment biology essay

5 L/min, contact times of 2 to 24 H and leachate to effluent of 20 to 80 % were applied to both SBR and PZ-SBR. In the literature, adsorbents like activated C were added to activated sludge and SBR for the betterment of the biological intervention of landfill leachate.

Project report on magnetic bearing technology engineering essay

The heart of the active magnetic bearing system is the software. The stability of the rotor in suspended position depends on the control current and stiffness of the system.

Mini review: linkages between essential tremor and parkinson’s disease?

The association between the two movement disorders includes a similar tremor frequency range of 4 8 Hz in both ET and PD, overlapping resting tremors and postural tremors in some of ET and PD patients, and many ET patients develop PD later in life. Asymmetry of tremor intensity and frequency in parkinson's disease [>]

Media effectiveness of humanitarian responses to crises

Many articles and books have argued the importance of media as an actor in enabling humanitarian response and that media has the assumed power to influence and drive local and international government, humanitarian agencies and non-governmental organisation to formulate responses to crises, such as policy responses, delivery of aid and interventions, to save [>]

Contribution of the cultural class analysts sociology essay

Thus, there is economic capital, in the form of wealth and property; cultural capital which may exist in three different states: in the embodied state - as the long-lasting dispositions of the mind and the body, in the objectified state - in the form of cultural goods, and in the institutionalised state - [>]

Management research project and presentation

The first stage of the marketing research process is to establish where the organisation is at the present time, to act as a baseline for comparisons and something on which the marketing research can build. At the heart of this situation analysis is the identification of critical success factors and distinctive competencies, which [>]

Migrants working in vienna restaurant industry

The primary migration scheme has been directed, on one side to the ' guest worker system ' which is based on the rule of the employment and rotary motion of migratory workers.[ 1 ]One of the chief features of this theoretical account is the linkage between labour contract and abode license. Political and [>]

Paternal and maternal parenting styles psychology essay

In spite of the profusion of research examining relationships on either mothers or fathers parenting styles and child outcomes, relatively few studies examine the combination of paternal and maternal behaviors have on their children. The goal of this study is to examine how parenting of both mothers and fathers predict adolescent outcomes in [>]

Business plan for the chocolate shop marketing essay

The major problem involved in our business is that of an increase in interest rates and problems that we will have to face in regards with the location of the shop. The uniqueness of our product lies in the fact that we make custom made chocolate with variations to the size, packaging and [>]

Cebu pacific a time for change management essay

This is the perfect time for the company to regroup, so that Cebu Pacific Air could emerge as a stronger, better, and a safer airline which will be known throughout the world in the years to come. If the company will be able to rethink its management style, in particularly, people management, then [>]

Students are active agents of their own learning

The one day eight hour workshop is designed to create knowledge of the importance of teaching self-regulation, resources, and tools for counselors to implement self-regulation activities, and to create a school environment that supports teaching self-regulation. In addition, there is the assumption that the project works, and that is that the counselor who [>]

Examining the difficulties of implementing the balanced score card essay

The 3rd measure is to find the activities necessary to back up the critical success factors and to place the prosodies for the activities back uping the CSFs. A to the public presentation strategic value, and the client position is correspondent to the strategic value of relationships.

Burberry case study

For the next five years, Bravo and her team are looking at the future of Barberry ND she emphasize in bringing the brand to the next level. This is to stir up a sense of hunger in the customers' mind and serves as excellent PR and to avoid ubiquity that is now facing [>]

The role of china press media essay

For Laurin, " Propaganda means any form of communication in support of national objectives designed to influence the opinions, emotions, attitudes, or behavior of any group in order to benefit the sponsor, whether directly or indirectly".[3]In sum, for a propaganda to work, as Linebarger said, it must " consists of the planned use [>]

Integration of regenerative dentistry into the dental undergraduate curriculum

Advances in regenerative dentistry research over recent years have seen whole tooth bioengineering and the use of dental stem cells in a wide array of promising therapies. This corroborates findings from a more recent multicenter study that aimed to evaluate the knowledge and clinical applications of regenerative dentistry in dentists, specialist pediatric dentists, [>]

How does macroeconomics factors affect smes in tanzania

According to Morwa, following the privatization drive and the civil and public service reforms which began to take place in the early 1990s in Tanzania, the country observed a considerable increase in the number of SMEs over the last one decade. As described in essay one, the Bank of Tanzania is the central [>]

The process model in policy changes

The main premise of this paper is to evaluate the usefulness of the process model in understanding the policy making process through a comparative study between this model and the Advocacy Coalition framework. From the case study, this process is signaled by the agenda of the new Minister of Health and the tabling [>]

Symbolic interactionism: studies of social construction assignment

However, it is viewed important by many in the realm of social psychology, thus, this paper to summarize and describe the concept and history of symbolic interactionism, give my analysis and evaluation to the current state of symbolic interactionism, and provide future directions for symbolic interactionism. Humans routinely and creatively take measures to [>]

Grand challenges in rhinology

The nasal and sinus epithelium, with its mucociliary clearance and production of nitric oxide gas, constitutes the first line of physical, chemical, and immunological defense of the airways, protecting us from the environment. This has led to trivialization of nasal symptoms and disease, even when persistent; however the realization that nasal disease is [>]

Sustained competitive advantage: mobile phone industry

This research aims to answer the following research question:" Are first mover advantages really a source of a sustainable competitive advantage in the European mobile phone/tablet industry?" To answer this research question, the following sub questions are made up, which together will give an answer to the research question: What are the views [>]

Critical analysis of organisational change development and management

The government rejected this proposal and the three services remained fully independent.[13] The absence of a central authority resulted in poor coordination between the services with each service organising and operating on the basis of a different military doctrine.[14] The need for an integrated command structured received more emphasis during the Australian military's [>]

A study on guinness greatness campaign management essay

The sale of Guinness in the African markets was nose diving and the goal for Saatchi & Saatchi's was to create good communication materials to advertise Guinness to the entire Africa market to help in achieving the company's target of doubling the sales of Guinness by the year 2005. Saatchi and Saatchi London, [>]

Books online 18544 essay

This could be the result of the almighty Internet and the world of technology. Of the three, Amazon is the clear leader with Barnes & Noble and Borders in the background looking for ways to catch up to Amazon.

Vitamin d is a fat soluble vitamin health essay

In conclusion, the FFQ may be used as a screening tool for inadequate vitamin D intake, however, is not accurate enough to measure the true value of the dietary vitamin D intake of subjects.2. The purpose of the paired t-test is to find out what is the chance that the difference between the [>]

The clinical concept of opioid addiction since 1877: still wanting after all these years

The last decades have seen a great deal of progress in our understanding of the underlying neurobiological mechanisms of opioid and other substance use disorders and on the perception of addiction as a public health issue. We contend that this resistance is attributable to an inadequate scientific theory of the psychopathology of [>]

Effects of esol teaching on social integration

Over the next couple of decades following the post-war immigration to the UK the government began to respond as to local education authorities and the birth of the official ESOL teacher came about during the 1960's. The purpose of this chapter will be to outline an indication of the types of problems that [>]

An analysis of beyond parental control (bpc)

In any case, it is worthy to note that the perennial issue has seen an increased in delinquent girls forcing parents to apply for BPC and handing over to the court to take control of their daughters. The next part of the essay will critically discuss and analyze some of the causal factors [>]

Aids is a disease that kills theology religion essay

In this paper, the researcher is bringing forward his findings on the Christian response to the AIDS epidemic and it is the researcher's desire to mobilize those Churches that are silent about it to take part in the fight against AIDS epidemic in Malawi. The following are some of the ways the Church [>]

Student diet & health concerns

The obesity epidemic observed in the UK and other Western nations over the past two decades has increased the focus on eating habits of the nation. In an attempt to promote better health of the population and reduce the burden of obesity and related health conditions on the NHS, the recent government white [>]

Corporate strategies of skanska construction

Studies so far point out the significance of project management competencies in delivering successful projects, however the organizational performance heavily rely on the effectiveness of the strategic decisions made by the companies based on their competitive resources and the market conditions where they operate. Serving as somewhat of a " primer" to construction [>]

Extended essay in physics engineering essay

This led me to compare the effect of the force applied and the launch height have on the flight distance of a glider and the question, how does the Force applied and the launch height of a delta wing glider affect its glide distance and how does it compare to the predicted distances [>]

The social responsibility of journalism

My RP consists of two parts.each of them touching upon the two facets which are the chief subject of the RP.i.e.the function of news media and the societal duty of the mass media. I promise myself and my reader to be an honest and nonsubjective journalist and that is my attack in the [>]

Terrorist attack on world trade center media essay

In this paper I am going to analyze how media covered and communicated the terrorist attack of 9th September 2001 at the World Trade Center in Manhattan downtown and to inform the reader of this paper the role that mass media had. CNN stopped its program and started with a full screen of [>]

Consumer buying behaviour: the cosmetics industry

The rapid economic growth, coupled with the huge development of cosmetics industry in China, contributes to the significant changes of cosmetics consumer behavior. On completion of this objective, the intention would be to get an insight into the cosmetics environment and the rapid growth trend of the industry so as to have a [>]

Electronic ticket and bus ticket reservation

Further more, staff 1 can sell bus ticket using Bus Ticket Reservation System after check bus ticket availability for the customer and print the bus ticket to the customer that queue up in the counter. Company staffs need to upload new information to the online system so that customer can check the availability [>]

Organizational knowledge management and organizational culture

Keywords: Organizational culture, Knowledge Management, Competing Values Framework, Knowledge Creation and Conversion Framework In the era of globalization, knowledge creation and knowledge management has become the dominant factor for organizations' global competitiveness, and it is a crucial progenitor to effective organizational performance and success. In this paper, I have endeavoured to extend previous [>]

Primark company analysis marketing essay

The plan of the assignment is to regarding the reasons for change and choice models for its management. Toyota brands admit Scion and Lexus and the establishment is any of the Toyota Chain.

The history of shipping industry business essay

The aim of this Graduation Project is to assess port management standards and theories and compare them to the standards used by competitors, evaluate the technology used by Ajman port, interpret the market situation, and assess the technology introduced by HAJT and how it will help the company in cost reduction and effective [>]

The five forces industry and soot analysis discovers cataracts

Cataracts is able to determine the strengths and weaknesses in their position in the industry. For an organizational strategy to be effective, it must effectively accomplish the tasks that help implement the organizational objectives, which for Cataracts is " to be the leading retailer and brand of coffee in each of their target [>]

Individual and situational factors on workplace deviance psychology essay

This study will contribute to a better understanding on deviant behaviors in the workplace and contributed to the literature examining complex antecedents of workplace deviance. The focus of this study is to determine the individual and situational factors of workplace deviance in a public organization.

The rationale of choosing the country region business essay

Through entering the China market, Zara able to achieve and further exploit the economies of scales due to the lower labor cost in China which allow Zara increase their production volumes by reducing the cost of production. The main competitors of ZARA in China are H&M and UNIQLO.

Recommendation of coca cola based on performing various valuation models

Marketplace: We will adhere to the highest ethical standards, knowing that the quality of our products, the integrity of our brands and the dedication of our people build trust and strengthen relationships. We believe that what is best for our employees, for the community and for the environment is also best for our [>]

Marketing practices in the olive oil industry

The objective of this study is to examine the issues related to the production of olive oil and the marketing practices implemented by " Minerva S.A"., a major player in the Greek olive oil market. The major producer of olive oil in the world is the European Union, and it produces the 80 [>]

Literature review of biopsychosocial model of back pain

The study also aimed to evaluate the role of individual physiotherapist in bio psychosocial approach for treating for chronic back pain The result of the review was supporting bio psychosocial approach. The results in this study were based on self-reported outcomes from the questionnaires that were sent to the patients, which makes the [>]

Impact of the media

The relative weight in terms of importance between the true importance of a story and the extent to which the audience esteems a story as important is what reveals the agenda setting power of the media. He further states that the priority of the media becomes the priority of the public due to [>]

Telemedicine case essay sample

It is universally acknowledged that Indians have made enormous contributions in the field of information technology The delivery of health care services, where distance is a critical factor, by all health care professionals using information and communication technologies for the exchange of valid information for diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease and injuries, [>]