Essay, 13 pages (3000 words)

Continuous community development mass awareness theology religion essay

MA Advanced Social Work (2012-13)Module: – SXP4018Researching Community

Table of Contents Page no.

Introduction. Features of Community………………………………………………………What is Community mobilization & why it is necessary…………………Ways and methods to mobilize a community by …………………………….. Political parties…………………………………………………………………Social movements……………………………………………………………. Individual groups………………………………………………………………Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………References…………………………………………………………………………

Introduction: –

The term community has various meaning. We can define community is a place where people living in the particular geographical area and they shares their common values, interests and they follows a particular way of living. The term community may refer to the national community or international community. In biology a community is a group of interacting people sharing a populated environment. Apart from a geographical area a community is a group or society, helping each other. In human communities belief, resources, needs, interest and a number of other conditions may be present in common, which also affects the identity of the participants and their degree of cohesiveness. In every society various types of communities may take place. Some categorizations are as follows:-Geographic communities: It ranges from the local neighborhood, suburb, village, town or city, region, nation or even the planet as a whole. These refer to communities of location. Communities of culture: It ranges from the local clique, sub-culture, ethnic group, religious, multicultural or pluralistic civilization, or the global community cultures of today. They may be included as communities of need or identity, such as disabled persons, or frail aged people. Communities are nested; one community can contain another—for example a geographic community may contain a number of ethnic communities. (Identity is also one of the important factor to assess the type of community. For example if a group of people shares the common identity other than the location, we can call that as community based on their common interest. Likewise, in present scenario we can see that various communities exist in society based on the certain profession. A professional community is a group of people where they are with the same or related occupations. Not only even on the basis of above things, There are different things that bound people together to their different communities or that they may have in common with the other people living around them, which includes beliefs and values, traditions, common interest, language, territory, religion, culture and occupations.

Community Mobilization:

In a community people shared their ‘ we feeling’ with each other. As we know that proper management and utilization of resources is the best possible way for the development of the community. Therefore community mobilization is always prominent for the development and upliftment of any community. For mobilizing the community people make their plans and then do the things accordingly. They take charge, transforming, developing their community and their lives as well. Community mobilization is a process which allows people in the community to identify their needs and problems and bring them together for a social action and their community development. Communities can mobilize to work for changes that will fulfill the social, emotional, financial and physical needs of people. Community mobilization is an organized process through which people can aware regarding the present situation of their community also how to bring positive changes within the community by using various resources. Nutshell, community mobilization is one of the strategic method which helps the people to attain maximum community development. For community mobilization communication is one of the important tool to achieve it. Through proper and effective communication various methods of mobilizing the community can be implemented. Here we are discussing the various methods for community mobilization by given actors as per the fig 1. 1.

Mobilizing the community

Political PartiesSocial MovementsIndividual groups

Political Parties

The use of social networking sites by political parties and other politically active groups has been increased in these days. All these political and other groups can mobilize people by using of social networking sites. As we know that in toady scenario internet has become the strongest and fast communication tool even at the global level. Even one used Twitter, Flicker, You Tube, and Facebook among people to communicate with different people and at one time we can communicate with large number of people. Even we can see that political parties also using various social networking sites to mobilize the people in large number. The use of social media is really important to mobilize the people and communities for collective action. We know that today millions of people are connected in one way or another to the internet. People are easily accessible on internet. It is another way of reaching large numbers of people to mobilize them for a group effort. Facebook, Mixit, Twitter can also be effective for the above. To generate awareness among people and to mobilize them in large number to make a community independent. Newspapers, radio stations and the TV have the authority to inform thousands more people about various campaigns for mobilizing any community. By writing a press release, a political party can highlight the facts, people’s demands, and what people want the media to talk about regarding the development and continuous empowerment of their community. Parties can also organize a press conference. So they can invite the reporters to come to a meeting where spokespeople from the community organization speak out publicly about the problem and the solution of the problems of community. Apart from above, Political rallies and the use of local languages are instrumental in the mobilization of groups for social action.

Social Movements

Social movements are a type of group action or social action. They are large informal groupings of individuals or organizations which focus on specific political or social issues for their development. In other words, they carry out, resist or undo a social change in the society. Social movement campaigns play a critical role in mobilizing and maintaining the submerged networks of social movement communities. A social movement refers to collective effort organizing from the people for their development and to bring social change in the society. Community mobilization is often used by grassroots-based social movements, which includes revolutionary movements. (Through Social movement for mobilizing the people in community we can apply various methods like large public gatherings such as mass meetings, marches, parades, processions and demonstrations. These gatherings usually are part of a protest action. These are the different ways by which a community can be mobilized and can raise voice for the demand of development of the community. In other words, community mobilization seeks to facilitate change within the community for its development. Social movements have been and continued to be closely connected with democratic political systems. Occasionally, social movements have been involved in democratizing nations, but more often they have developed after democratization. Modern movements often utilize technology and the internet to mobilize people globally. Adapting to communication trends is a common theme among successful movements. Although social movements do not have to be formally organized. Social movement is always an important tool to bring the change in society and as well as to mobilize the communities for their own development. Through social movements people can get the opportunity to become in a collective manner and they can protest and do social action for their development. Social movements can do in various forms especially for mobilizing people. By arranging people in mass meetings, parades, marches, discussions on various issues, movements for stressing the education of people, bringing the concept of democratization in light communities can mobilize through theses social movements. Social movements are always a part of society, and people may compare their options and make rational choices about which movements to follow. As long as social movements wish to be success, they must find resources (such as money, people, and plans) for how to meet their goals. Furthermore, for organizing successful social movements and mobilizing the people there should be strong and effective networking with other organizations especially the organization which are exist in the local community. There has to be proper networking and strong communication even on the grass roots organization which are working locally in the community such as Church groups, clubs, special interest organization, local schools, hospitals , recreational groups and other community groups can support the social movement and through effective and strong networking with the above organizations we can mobilize the communities. Physical concentration is also necessary for organizing successful social movement and for mobilizing people. We should bring people into closer proximities in cities, factories, local university campuses which help the social movement to get into the right direction for mobilizing people for their betterment in society. Also a co-optable communications network should be there to speed up the social movements for mobilizing the people and to spread awareness among the people. As we know that the greater the number and excessive participation of people builds a strong network which leads to mobilizing the greatest number of people. Also for maintaining the above and to get a fuller participation of people and to mobilize them we need to able ourselves to maintain the resources within and outside the community. We should also provide the equal opportunity to each and every unit of the community. We cannot let the youth and other units to go. We need to encourage every individual with no matter of his / her own personal identity. We need to motivate people to participate actively in the social movement and consider the point of availability in our mind. AsPeople with full time jobs, marriage and family responsibilities are less likely to participate in social movement activity. Autonomous individuals with few personal responsibilities such as college students and single professionals are much more likely participants. On the other hand, for mobilizing people without considering them as particular unit of society, we need to encourage them for their maximum participation. Through motivation and encouragement we can mobilize people and can make them ready for their community development.

Individual groups

It is always easy to start a fire and involve a number of people. Community members need to choose certain people whose role will be to keep the fire of community mobilization burning. These people called in community as ‘ motivators’. We know that people in the community know each other. They need to have some time and energy available to bring the change in the society and to work freely for their community development. Each community has always their own motivators who are ready to helping people and their role is to support actively in the participation and mobilization of people. Every community has its own resources such as Natural resources which include land, tress, forests and water etc. Human resources who are always prominent and primary such as the knowledge, skills and understanding of human beings. Also financial resources such as money, access to credit and loans, credit unions and local authority and government support to fulfill the basic needs of human beings. A community has social resources such as their culture, traditions, values and norms, organizations, friends and extended family. Last but not the least the physical resources such as buildings, tools, roads, water pumps and transport. In a community people use these resources to stay alive and to cope with changing seasons, political change and cultural pressures. Helping people to understand and to value the different resources they have is very important. Local people already know more than any outsider about their community and the people living there. Many people assume they know everything about their local area, but there is always more to learn and understand before making new plans. We need to involve local and outsiders also to do the social mapping in the community. So that the people can aware about their present situation in the community and they can participate effectively to resolve these problems and also can play a major role for the community development. Encouraging small groups to draw different maps to show the actual situation of the community. One should need to motivate people for social mapping of the community so that they can come to know the present situation and make their plan of action for the empowerment and development of community. Another way to mobilize community is to encourage people to prepare a role-play to express their concerns or issues. Again, encouraging people to work in small groups is another way to mobilize the communities. For individual groups they can play a major role to make a community independent. We need to make self-help groups within the community and always encouraging them to participate actively in that. Public awareness is very important. Even for mobilization we need to apply the strategy to motivate the people, raised a question among them how to develop their community. Without participation and mobilization of people community development is empty. When we talked about the community development we cannot think it without the participation or active involvement of people. As a community organizer we need to encourage people to come forward to make them independent and to think for the empowerment especially the marginalized or underprivileged communities. Apart from this, conducting role plays- street plays in the community is always a good strategy to mobilize the maximum number of people and to preparing them for a social action. Arranging discussions on issues related to community can be a way to mobilize people. Basically we need to give opportunity to people so that they can come together freely and can participate and think for their community development. Individual groups can do networking with the various groups in the community itself. Effective networking and strong communication is crucial step to the ladder of development and to make people aware. By Arranging a community meeting to share all the information gathered is showing information clearly to the people. A large number of people can mobilize for the collective action after getting all the facts and problems of the community. Motivation plays an important role in this activity. As keep motivating the people in right direction is always worthy and will be fruitful for attaining maximum development of the community. Initial contact with the community is another way to mobilize people. Understanding community practices and traditions prior to establishing contact can help identify the appropriate approach for engaging with different groups and members of the community. It is important to focus on learning from the community, especially during the initial contact.  Also utilizing community leaders also increases the chances of reaching a cross-section of the population and not just a narrow representation. Through making contacts with community leaders we can interact large number of people and after good rapport building with them we can mobilize them through conducting different activities among them. So a community leader plays an important role to win the trust of community people and make them ready for their participation. It is necessary that all members of the community should have heard about mobilization and how they can be involved. Outreaching to those who are isolated, vulnerable or considered is very important. If they cannot personally attend a meeting, it is important that they be represented in some way. So as per the above discussion, motivating people, arranging meetings, initial contacting with the communities, utilizing the community leaders, conducting role-plays, street plays, community outreaching are different ways to mobilize the maximum people of community by individual groups. Meeting the host community and the authorities is important to reach out the goals for community development and mobilization. Developing outreach strategies with the leaders and others to ensure that everyone is informed, including women, girls and boys, minority groups, and people with mental and physical challenges. We cannot be biased in outreaching the community. For community development effective outreaching and outsourcing is very important. We have to make sure that information is delivered in a language everyone can understand. Language should be understandable by the community. Otherwise it can be a barrier in communication which leads to problems in development process. As always communication should be effective and strong for the mobilization. Arranging meetings at mutually convenient times. As far the mobilization concern, for development of any community individual groups should make positive rapport building among the community with key people- like facilitator, leaders, service providers etc. and whole community as well. A good rapport building is effective strategy to mobilizing the people.   Transparency, respect and consistency are essential for building trust, confidence and collaboration between organizations and partners, including members of the community. Also individual groups have to make ensure that after the first contact immediate follow-up action is taken or not. Orienting the Community is another way to mobilize the people. The first step in mobilizing the community is to orient them to the process. This can be done in a number of ways, including written communication, television, radio, or an organized meeting. Meetings should be more personal and helpful to maintaining or building relationships.  They also facilitate two-way communication where questions can be answered efficiently. So individual groups can motivate community people for their maximum participation in every discussion as they should feel that they are the key part of it.  Also to start these meetings as soon as possible, so that trust and a positive working relationship can be built between parties. Having the meeting sponsored or hosted by a respected individual or group within the community can add credibility to its agenda. This may happen through a church, school, tribe, or other local group.  Utilizing community leaders also increases the chances of reaching a cross-section of the population and not just a narrow representation. It is essential that all members of the community receive word about mobilization and how they can be involved. Outreach is important to those who are isolated, vulnerable or considered marginal is critical. If they cannot personally attend a meeting, it is important that they be represented in some way. Individual groups should take care of these things before conducting any activity as part of the community or within the community. An only arranging meeting is not as sufficient. The goals of the meeting must be carefully considered and reflected in the agenda. Community leaders can provide assistance presenting the information in a culturally appropriate manner. Some of the community leaders may be chosen to convey topics with which they are familiar. During this meeting, it is important to invoke the input of the community. Identify their needs and begin to priorities how those needs can be met.  Individual groups should know that this meeting can be an opportunity to create an awareness of what the contributing organizations can provide, and also an opportunity to learn about the strengths and resources of the community. Also they can mobilize various people for the community development. It is always necessary to define mutual goals and develop a plan of action with people agreement. We need to help them to be self-reliance. The purpose of mobilizing the community to ensure that community is independent for its development and people are much aware about their rights and duties. Proper organization of every resources and management is necessary to mobilize the people. Also individual groups should develop ongoing ways to communicate for mobilizing the people. Rather than having large meetings, cluster meetings of project staff, community leaders and community members working on similar tasks are more manageable and efficient. The groups should begin team building with all team members (international and national staff, community leaders and community members). As we have discussed earlier the importance of networking in different ways. Last but not the least, working in small teams that include affected people as well as outside helpers. Team leaders should meet daily for sharing of information, planning and coordination. There has to be complete involvement of every person as a part of the community. A community should be mobilized or motivated in that way so that people would be responsible for every situation. Conclusion: – It is to be concluded that for continuous community development mass awareness, people mobilization is very important. In our society there are different resources which can perform to mobilize the community. But one should only need to generate these resources within the community or outside the community. Maximum resource utilization and mobilization of people are key things for developing any community. Community development emphasizes participation, initiative and self-help by local communities but should be sponsored by national governments as part of a national plan.
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