- Published: October 28, 2022
- Updated: October 28, 2022
- Language: English
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But at the macro-level, the components of modernisation such as a universalistic legal system, expansion of Western form of education, urbanisation and industrialisation, spread of new means of communication and transport and social reforms—led the way in the transformation of Indian society. Along with these, aspects of structural modernisation such as — rational bureaucratic systems of administration and judiciary, army and industrial bureaucracy, new classes of business elite and entrepreneurs—came into being. There was the emergence of political elite and a nationalist leadership. These modernising structures had a uniform character throughout the country. After Independence, modernisation process in India has undergone a basic change from its colonial pattern. Discontinuity in modernisation between macro-structures and micro-structures slowly disappeared. Introduction of adult franchise and federal parliamentary form of political structure have carried new political values to all the sections of the population.
Planned legal reforms in Hindu marriage and inheritance laws have tremendously influenced the Hindu family system. Community development projects and the Panchayat Raj System created political awareness and participation in local level management and administration of justice. Caste too has undergone radical transformation making lot of compromises with the changed conditions. In spite of the British contact Indian society at the time of Independence has deep-rooted traditions. Still it decided to go in the direction of modernity. There were people to support the cause of modernism and there were also people to cling on to the traditional way of life. We had to strike out a balance between the two. Thus people had to tolerate the coexistence of tradition with modernism.
But, coexistence cannot last long in all the areas. Because, many a time, traditional ethos and values become irreconcilable. We were thus confronted with the practical problem of either sticking on to tradition or to go on the path of modernisation. We decided to modernise our society at various levels.
” What aspects of life were sought to be modernised and in what manner?” Prof. Ram Ahuja replies to this question in the following way— “ At the social level, we wanted social relations to be based on concepts like equality, human dignity, and social values which would ensure social mobility, removal of caste disabilities, amelioration of the conditions of women, and so forth. At the economic level, we wanted technological growth and distributive justice. At the cultural level we wanted secularism, rationalism, and liberalism.
At the political level, we desired representative government, democratic institutions, achievement — oriented power-structure, and a greater voice and participation for Indians in the governance of the country. The means for agents selected for modernising the society were — planning, education, legislation, assistance from foreign countries, adopting the policy of liberalisation, and the like.”
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