1,317
24
Essay, 2 pages (500 words)

Business & the role of accounting

Advertising We'll write a high-quality original custom paper on Business & the role of accounting just for you with a 15% discount for the 1st order Use a Discount Use a Discount

Part I A. S # Transaction Details Accounting Equation Assets = Liabilities + Equity Assets Liabilities Owner’s Equity Owner invested $6, 000 in business
Increase
(Cash)
No Effect
Increase (Owner’s Equity)
2.
Borrowed $2, 000 at 12% note payable for 1 year from bank
Increase
(Cash)
Increase
(Notes Payable)
Increase
(Interest Payable)
No Effect
Decrease
(Increase in Expenses decrease Owner’s Equity by reducing profits)
3.
Earned $900 revenue
(Assumption: Revenue is earned in cash)
Increase
(Cash)
No Effect
Increase
(Increase in Revenue increase Owner’s Equity)
4.
Incurred $650 expenses
(Assumption: Expense is paid in cash)
Decrease
(Cash)
No Effect
Decrease
(Increase in Expenses decrease Owner’s Equity by reducing profits)
5.
Distribution to owner $25
Decrease
(Cash)
No Effect
Decrease
(Owner’s Equity)
B.
The other information that can be entered into financial statements includes the notes associated with transactions for disclosure purposes; and to identify the parties involved in the transactions.
C.
Cats and Dogs Company
Balance Sheet
As on March 31, 2007
Assets
Liabilities and Owner’s Equity
Cash $8, 225
Interest Payable $ 240
Notes Payable $2, 000
Total Liabilities $2, 240
Owner’s Equity $6, 000
Net income/ (loss) ($ 15)
Total Assets $8, 225
Total Liabilities and Owner’s Equity $8, 225
Notes:
The interest payments are not payable till next year hence will not be included as expenses in arriving at retained earnings figures above.
Cats and Dogs Company
Income Statement
For the month ending March 31, 2007
Revenue……………………………………………………………………………… $900
Expenses………………………………………………………………………………($650)
Interest Expense………………………………………………………………………($240)
Gross Income …………………………………………………………………………$ 10
Dividends paid to owner…………………………………………………………… ($ 25)
Net Income/(Loss) ……………………………………………………………… ($ 15)

Cats and Dogs Company
Cash Flow Statement
For the month ending March 31, 2007
Cash Flow from Operating Activities
Net Income/(Loss)($ 15)
Add: Increase in Interest Payables $ 240
Less: Increase in Cash($8, 225)
Net Cash Flow from Operating Activities($8, 000)
Net Cash Flow from Investing Activities – $0 –
Net Cash Flow from Financing Activities
Increase in Notes Payable$2, 000
Net Cash Flow from Financing Activities$2, 000
Cash and Cash Equivalent at start of period- $0 –
Cash and Cash Equivalent at end of period($6, 000)
Net Cash Flow $6, 000
Cats and Dogs Company
Statement of Changes in Equity
For the month ending March 31, 2007
Owner’s Activity at beginning of the period$ 0
Additions by Owner$ 6, 000
Net Income/ (Loss) ($ 15)
Ending equity$ 5, 985
Part II
The reasoning is highly unreasonable. This is because all activities and transactions that occur before the balance sheet date must be included in the financial statements. This is required to present fair and true picture of the company’s financial position to the stakeholders.
The International Accounting Standard number 10 ‘ Events after balance sheet date’ provides two types of events. The events that provide evidence of conditions that existed before the balance sheet date (adjusting events) and the events that indicate conditions that arose after the balance sheet date (non-adjusting events).
For the given scenario, since the liability was incurred before the balance sheet date, hence it is an adjusting entry and must be recorded in the financial statements.
However, the standard requires ‘ changes to financial statements due to all material adjusting entries’. If the company can justify that a $5, 000 worth of liability is not material for the company, then the company might be able to omit the recording of the event in financial statements.

Thanks for Voting!
Business & the role of accounting. Page 1
Business & the role of accounting. Page 2
Business & the role of accounting. Page 3
Business & the role of accounting. Page 4
Business & the role of accounting. Page 5
Business & the role of accounting. Page 6

The paper "Business & the role of accounting" was written by a real student and voluntarily submitted to this database. You can use this work as a sample in order to gain inspiration or start the research for your own writing. You aren't allowed to use any part of this example without properly citing it first.

If you are the author of this paper and don't want it to be used on EduPony, contact us for its removal.

Ask for Removal

Cite this Essay

References

EduPony. (2022) 'Business & the role of accounting'. 26 January.

Reference

EduPony. (2022, January 26). Business & the role of accounting. Retrieved from https://edupony.com/business-the-role-of-accounting/

References

EduPony. 2022. "Business & the role of accounting." January 26, 2022. https://edupony.com/business-the-role-of-accounting/.

1. EduPony. "Business & the role of accounting." January 26, 2022. https://edupony.com/business-the-role-of-accounting/.


Bibliography


EduPony. "Business & the role of accounting." January 26, 2022. https://edupony.com/business-the-role-of-accounting/.

Work Cited

"Business & the role of accounting." EduPony, 26 Jan. 2022, edupony.com/business-the-role-of-accounting/.

Contact EduPony

If you have any suggestions on how to improve Business & the role of accounting, please do not hesitate to contact us. We want to know more: [email protected]