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Abbasid caliphate

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The Abbasid Caliphate holds its place in an important phase of Islamic history. They came to ascension at a time when the Umayyads had vacated the seat of administration. It was the third out of the total of four Caliphates that the Muslim history has seen. The founder of this dynasty was Abbas Ibn Abd Al- Muttalib. It came to power in the middle of 8th century A. D (762 A. D). Their capital city of administrative functioning was Baghdad (Joseph, 2011, 452). The ruled for good four centuries afterwards and their demise and decline came about towards the middle of the 13th century. They gradually grew weak in power and the final blow came about at the hands of the Mongol rulers, Hulaku Khan was the most prominent of them.
The Abbasid Dynasty drew its linage through the daughter of Prophet Mohammad (P. B. U. H). Through the course of four centuries, they established their rule and authority in areas that are in modern day known as Libya, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and in the Asian continent Baghdad to Palestine and parts of Sub Continent. The Fatmid Caliphate was an extension of the incumbent Caliphate and they ruled for over a century in between.
Their era is considered as the Golden Era of the Muslim rule. Based on the number of inventions and discoveries made in this era, it was termed as the golden age. The Art, architecture, literature, chemistry, astrology found existence and starting point from this era. The rulers of this era were great admirers of art and architecture.
Joseph, G. G. (2011). The Crest of the Peacock: Non-European Roots of Mathematics. Princeton University Press

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